Electoral offences and penalties in Nigeria
Laws regulate all aspects of our lives. The electoral process is no exception. The Constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 as amended, the Electoral Act 2010, as amended and the
Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) Rules and Regulations constitute the legal
framework which regulates Nigeria’s electoral process. Provisions of these deal with the right to associate,
vote, form Political Parties etc. Others include registration of voters, Election Day procedures, dispute
Breaches or violations of some of these provisions often attract penalties, which on conviction may be
a fine, a term of imprisonment, or both. Any conduct – action or inaction which is prohibited by the
Constitution or the Electoral Act and a breach of which attracts punishment, is called an electoral
offence. Electoral offences may be committed by INEC or Security Officials, Political Parties and their
officials, Candidates, Observers, Journalists/Media Houses or the general public.
Listed in this attachment are some of the electoral offences prescribed by Nigerian Law as at 31st January,
2017. Anyone in breach of any of these provisions is liable to being arrested and charged to court and
prosecuted by INEC after investigation by the relevant Security Agencies.